The most important thing you need to know about your Human Rights is that they are the highest level of law for all the countries in the world and that they cannot ever be taken away from you, independently of what any authority says be it your president, your king or queen or for that matter, any other dictator, because anyone who goes against them is, in fact, a dictator.
There are 30 Human Rights.
No 30 says: “No one can take away your Human Rights”
- We Are All Born Free & Equal.
We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way.
- No discrimination.
These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences.
- The Right to Life.
We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety.
- No Slavery.
Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone our slave.
- No Torture.
Nobody has any right to hurt us or to torture us.
- You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go.
I am a person just like you!
- We’re All Equal Before the Law.
The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly.
- Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law.
We can all ask for the law to help us when we are not treated fairly.
- No Unfair Detainment.
Nobody has the right to put us in prison without good reason and keep us there, or to send us away from our country.
- The Right to Trial.
If we are put on trial this should be in public. The people who try us should not let anyone tell them what to do.
- We’re Always Innocent Till Proven Guilty.
Nobody should be blamed for doing something until it is proven. When people say we did a bad thing we have the right to show it is not true.
- The Right to Privacy.
Nobody should try to harm our good name. Nobody has the right to come into our home, open our letters, or bother us or our family without a good reason.
- Freedom to Move.
We all have the right to go where we want in our own country and to travel as we wish.
- The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live.
If we are frightened of being badly treated in our own country, we all have the right to run away to another country to be safe.
- Right to a Nationality.
We all have the right to belong to a country.
- Marriage and Family.
Every grown-up has the right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated.
- The Right to Your Own Things.
Everyone has the right to own things or share them. Nobody should take our things from us without a good reason.
- Freedom of Thought.
We all have the right to believe in what we want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if we want.
- Freedom of Expression.
We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people.
- The Right to Public Assembly.
We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don’t want to.
- The Right to Democracy.
We all have the right to take part in the government of our country. Every grown-up should be allowed to choose their own leaders.
- Social Security.
We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and childcare, enough money to live on and medical help if we are ill or old.
- Workers’ Rights.
Every grown-up has the right to do a job, to a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union.
- The Right to Play.
We all have the right to rest from work and to relax.
- Food and Shelter for All.
We all have the right to a good life. Mothers and children, people who are old, unemployed or disabled, and all people have the right to be cared for.
- The Right to Education.
Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can choose what we learn.
Copyright is a special law that protects one’s own artistic creations and writings; others cannot make copies without permission. We all have the right to our own way of life and to enjoy the good things that art, science and learning bring.
- A Fair and Free World.
There must be proper order so we can all enjoy rights and freedoms in our own country and all over the world.
We have a duty to other people, and we should protect their rights and freedoms.
- No One Can Take Away Your Human Rights.
More simplified information and videos at Youth for Human Rights
And then of course there is also the Neurenberg Code from 1947 (PDF popup) stating 10 points.
1. The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential.
This means that the person concerned must have the legal capacity to consent; must be in a position to exercise full freedom of choice, unimpeded by force, fraud, deceit, intimidation, promise or any other form of coercion or threat; and must have sufficient information and knowledge of the elements of the relevant experiment so that he or she can understand what he or she is deciding. This last element requires that, before accepting an affirmative response from an experimental subject, the researcher must have made known to him or her the nature, duration and purpose of the experiment; the methods and means by which it will be conducted; the inconveniences and risks that can reasonably be expected; and the effects on his or her health or personality that might result from participation in the experiment. The duty and responsibility to assess the quality of consent rests with each and every individual who initiates, conducts, or collaborates in the experiment. It is a personal duty and responsibility that cannot be delegated to another with impunity.
2. The experiment should be such as to promise results beneficial to the welfare of society, and which cannot be obtained by other means of study. They may not be of a capricious or unnecessary nature.
3. The experiment should be designed and based on data from previous animal experimentation and on knowledge of the natural history of the disease and other problems under study that may promise results that justify the conduct of the experiment.
4. The experiment shall be conducted in such a way as to avoid unnecessary physical or mental suffering or injury.
5. Experiments which there is a priori reason to believe are likely to result in death or serious incapacitating harm shall not be carried out, except, perhaps, in experiments in which the experimenters themselves serve as subjects.
6. The Degree risk taken may never exceed that determined by the humanitarian significance of the problem the experiment is intended to solve.
7. Appropriate measures shall be taken and suitable arrangements provided to protect the subject from even the remotest possibility of injury, disability or death.
8. Experiments should be conducted only by scientifically qualified persons. The highest level of competence and care should be required of those conducting or participating in the experiment throughout all phases of the experiment. Degree .
9. During the course of the experiment the subject shall be free to terminate the experiment if he considers that he has reached a physical or mental state in which it seems impossible to continue the experiment.
10. During the course of the experiment, the responsible scientist should be prepared to terminate the experiment at any time if he or she has reason to believe, in the exercise of good faith, proven skill and clinical judgement, that continuation of the experiment is likely to result in the injury, disability or death of the experimental subject result .
Then there is the Oviedo convention of 1997 (PDF popup) “for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine: Convention on
Human Rights and Biomedicine” (ETS No. 164)
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