The First and only real Industrial Revolution happened when handmade manufacturing transformed into machine-powered manufacturing. Streaming water was initially the main source of power and ‘industrialization’ progressed slowly.
But it went exponential after the invention and improvement of the steam engine and its application in the textile industry in the imperial England at the end of the 17 hundreds. Throughout the 18 hundreds, the process of mechanizing the factory systems, replacing hand production with machine production processes, and the growing uses of water and steam power all contributed to the industrialization first of Britain and soon of the rest of Europe and the United States.
(part of the four Industrial Revolutions)